Saturday, May 23, 2020
Motivating students in the classroom can be challenging, especially for Special Education students in an inclusion classroom. Due to the gap between a special education studentÃ¢â¬â¢s independence level and current grade level, it is difficult for special education students to retain motivation throughout instruction. In efforts to determine how student motivation can be continuous, additional technology support was created to be implemented in an inclusion classroom. The purpose of this action research proposal is to evaluate the effect of an elementary inclusion general education class to increase student motivation for CSEP students. Becoming familiar with studentÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths, needs and interests throughout this process is a big factor toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In an inclusion setting it best facilitates learning and students were more motivated in that it provided and allowed for differentiation of instruction. I decided to implement a classroom strategy into my own classroom to study how I can address a group of diverse learners. These are students who are performing below, at, and above grade level in a general education inclusion classroom to help with providing instruction in depth while also keeping each student motivated and engaged. As many special education teachers feel overwhelmed even with the amount of support they have in the classroom, I must differentiate a lot of the work alone with my special education students to help them with both their grade level work and their Individualized Education Program goals and objectives. Since many special education students are functioning below grade level, they need modifications and accommodations to help them with their grade level assignments presented to them. The purpose of this action research study is to evaluate the effect of an elementary inclusion general education class to increase student motivation for third grade students. Literature Review Before implementing my action research, I had to decide on a framework that would help me implement my plan. I first began in planning the classroom strategy of how getting CSEP students motivated that I would use, followed by making observations to determine what needed to be acted upon. I then movedShow MoreRelatedReading For Fun By The Naep ( National Assessment Of Education Progress1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnations report card that students at the age of 17 were asked about the frequency at which the read for fun or on their own time, their findings of 17 year olds who reported that they read for fun almost every day decreased 31 percent in 1984 to 20 percent in 2008 (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2008). Based on these statistics, the connection between reading and Ã¢â¬Ëreading for funÃ¢â¬â¢ has dropped and has not increased in past years. Students lack the motivation to pick up a book and readRead MoreGoals Of An Educational Environment Essay1483 Words Ã | Ã 6 Pagesan educational environment is to motivate students toward environmentally friendly behavior change. The need for student motivation in the high school setting is attributed to the fact that motivation creates positive experience, which helps in improving learning outcomes. Actually, students with positive experiences usually report better attitudes and increasingly positive expectations in their learning process. Through effective motivation of students, teachers and school administrators can closeRead MoreTeachers Can Promote Motivation Among Students1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshas supported the claim that teachers can promote motivation among their students regarding reading in middle and upper primary grades, when teachers select literature that involves a climax that is likely to peak the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s interests and read aloud as a whole class setting (p. 9). Although several teachers and parents alike are not particular fans of students reading magazines, yet m any teachers find magazines to be motivating for some students to read and make connections to (p. 11). FletcherRead MoreUsing A Educational Article Tasdiq Alam, An Educational Lecturer, And Researcher824 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestechniques validate the essence of not only motivating students, but certifying the leading cause as to why secondary students are motivated. In her research, Alam purpose was to inspire and motivate students through operative teaching practices that incorporates creative ideas. These ideas are to be made for teachers, in order to effectively motivate secondary students while learning the academic curriculum. In the research, the author deliberates on how students are bestowed in miscellaneous ways forRead MoreOnline Education Vs Online Education1052 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages what kind of a student wants to wake up at the same time every day to go to school at 8. However, in reality, a variety of issues have been raised about the practicality of digital classes. Online schooling fails to educate students to the same standard as classroom teaching. Furthermore, flexibility should not be more important than results. Digital schooling fails to foster the personal connections between educators and students that are vital to education. Likewise, students taking online coursesRead MoreMotivating K-12 Learners in Education 969 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Motivation affects nearly 75% of K-12 learners in education. It is a problem that effects students learning ability, causing them to detach from the classroom setting, which later results in failure on standardize tests. Motivation is very essential in education. It implicates the reason of a childs actions and behaviors in a particular way. The theoretical background for this study centers around ways students interest level arises and fails, and what strategies and activities motivates themRead MoreMotivation in Social Contexts Within the Classroom761 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMotivation in Social Contexts within the Classroom What is motivation and why is it important? As brought out by Dornyei, teacher skills in motivating learners should be seen as central to teaching effectiveness (2001). He asserts that motivational strategies should include appropriate teaching behavior, good teacher-student rapport, a pleasant and supportive classroom atmosphere and a cohesive learner group characterized by proper group norms. In addition, everything that a teacher may do orRead MoreMotivation Of An Ideal Learning Environment1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMotivation in Learning Most critics of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s educational system blame the teachers and the schools for the lack of student engagement. They rarely implicate the students to assign blame. Could it be that learners today lack intrinsic motivation, something quite catastrophic? Motivation is a reason one has a general desire to do something. An ideal learning environment would consist on having students learning for a price, learning with a passion. Motivation is when someone, a youth, wantsRead MoreLearning Curriculum : Towards Student Driven Pedagogy993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnanyeva, M. (2013). A learning curriculum: Toward student-driven pedagogy in the context of adult English for academic purposes, English for specific purposes, and workplace English programs. TESOL Journal, 5(1), 8-31. This article introduces the concept of a learning curriculum that centralizes adult ESL learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs and encourages their engagement in curriculum development. By summarizing key components of a learning curriculum including needs assessment and content-based curriculum, the studyRead MoreThe Effect of Motivation on Language Learning Essay990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconcept of motivation has been the subject of many studies and is considered a crucial determinant of successful achievement in the field of language learning. A motivating learning environment has to support the education process. It generates learning initially and later will guide the process of acquiring a target language (Cheng Dornyei, 2007). Teachers have long recognized that motivation is centered to problem-solving in education. Motivation is the key factor in getting students involved
Monday, May 18, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"The SimpsonÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ is about the satiric adventures of a working class family in the city of Springfield. Ã¢â¬Å"The Simpsons is an example of an American sitcom. A sitcom is situation comedy, which is when the same setting and same characters appear in every episode. Sitcoms surfaced in the 1950s in America showing the ideal family. Slowly sitcoms started to show the reality of life and dealt with social issues such as divorce and unemployment. Sitcoms have become very popular because people could relate to the program, since they show problems that happen in every day life. In this essay, I am going to analyze The Simpsons and demonstrate how it follows the conventions of the sitcom genre. The opening sequence of The Simpsons introducesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is makes the audience skeptical and appears unrealistic. She goes against her stereotype because she is going against the norms of an eight-year-old girl. Later on in this episode, Bart gets a tattoo. This goes against the norms of a young boy, because you rarely see someone getting a tattoo that young. It adds comedic value as well. The tattoo parlor is being satirized because they are shown as irresponsible for allowing a child to get a tattoo. Homer is shown as an unsupportive father because he falls asleep when his children are performing on stage. He should be cheering and watching, but he goes against his stereotype, which also adds comedic value. Marge is the only one in this episode who does not go against her stereotype. She acts like a mother by getting angry with Bart and watches the school production and cheers on her children. The family as a unit is stereotyped. The father brings in the money while the mother stays at home. The kids go to school. On the other hand, they have problems that are not ideal for a family. They have a son whoÃ¢â¬â¢s failing in school, and they have financial issues. However, at the end of each episode they are shown as happy even after the hardships. Even though theyre not perfect they still love each other. In the episode Homer Bad Man, the family sticks together when Homer is accused of sexual assault. The family supports him and tries to help him prove his innocence. The family also shows signs of
Monday, May 11, 2020
Chobani Case Study Chobani is a greatly successful company based in New York, where their Founder Hamdi Ulukaya moved to when he came to the states from Turkey (Chobani History 2016). Chobani is a company known for having the best Greek yogurt in the United States. Chobani prides themselves on having a high quality yogurt that is incomparable with any other brand of yogurt out on the market. This dedication the quality is what sets Chobani above everybody else is directly causing their positive business growth. By the end of 2015 ChobaniÃ¢â¬â¢s revenue was at Ã¢â¬Å"$1.5 billion where their competitors were at $250 millionÃ¢â¬ (Giammona 2015). What differentiates Chobani between its competitors is its dedication to the quality and the fact that the Chobani Greek yogurt is healthier than that of Dannon and in any other competitors brings as they use all natural ingredients on where others may have antibiotics and other unhealthy byproducts in their yogurt which can be poorer fo r health of the consumer. With ChobaniÃ¢â¬â¢s small staff of 2000 employees and their solo headquarters and different type of product manufacturing, Chobani makes a huge difference in less mechanical and robotic form of creating the yogurt that those of the competitorÃ¢â¬â¢s process to creating quality within the product. Companies such as Coca-Cola or Pepsi Co would want to buy a Chobani there has been no offers them product differentiation such as the purchases the Coca-Cola has made with Vitaminwater (Martin, SorkinShow MoreRelatedThe Difference Between Products And Brands Essay1885 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLoyal customers in a cutthroat environment are extremely valuable once they are won over. Lastly, before presenting the case study, it is important to note that the right approach will be different depending on the company and industry. The market for sports clothing is very different from the market for smartphones. Nevertheless, this case approaches the Greek yogurt producer, Chobani, and the Greek yogurt submarket in the United States. The trajectory of the company allows for a well-rounded analysisRead MoreResearch Writing Across the Discipline5750 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pageshtml http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/presentations_abstracts_examples.html IV. Procedures and Strategies V. Discussion of contents A. Define Research Writing What is Research Writing? It is the systematic investigation into and study of materials while marking the important words, sentence or paragraph into a paper to make a establish facts and new conclusions. Example: Abstract Research is an example of a Research Writing. Ã¢â¬Å"Blind Construction: Mixed MediaÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Neonatal Nursing Steven Amsterdam once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Nursing demands vigilance about people. The sights and smells that a patient offers, their movements and their offhand comments all contribute crucial information to understanding what they need. Training and experience heighten one s ability to see what needs to be seen.Ã¢â¬ As a child I was given adult responsibilities, which began when my very first nephew was born. By the age of 7 I was changing his diapers, making him bottles, and caring for him and i couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think of any better career than getting to work with babies all day. I always carry the compassion and desire to help others and nothing would be more rewarding than being able to put my skills to action. The career of a Neonatal Nurse is exciting and challenging, because one is in charge of all new babies being born. The research will describe the career of a Neonatal Nurse, what is required to become successful and the impact this career has on society. Neona tal Nursing was first introduced in the 1960s. In 1963, after the passing of Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, President John KennedyÃ¢â¬â¢s son, who was born 36 weeks gestation. Efforts were made to establish units to care for such infants. Today, such a death is rare due to the progression of medicine nursing over time. General duties of a neonatal nurse include feeding, (3) There is not a specific sex preference for the job of neonatal nurse, but most are women. The age requirement in this field is 18, but it mayShow MoreRelatedNeonatal Nurse. The Career I Chose Is A Neonatal Nurse.1099 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNeonatal Nurse The career I chose is a Neonatal Nurse. According to an article on work.chron.com, there are three levels of neonatal nursing. A level 1 neonatal nursery offers care to healthy newborns. A level 2 neonatal nursery holds infants born prematurely or with an illness. A level 3 neonatal nursery, usually called a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), provides care to infants who are premature, brutally ill or too small. Infants admitted to a NICU may require ventilators, incubators or surgeryRead MoreNeonatal Nurse : Career Research926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Neonatal Nurse Career Research M. L. Wyatt Kennesaw State University Neonatal Nursing Career During my senior year of high school, our graduating class had to take more than one career assessment. I was given choices in the health and human science field. I was a lover of science and the human body so there is no wonder on why I was given these career choices. You never think about choosing a career until you are given a list of what there is to do in the world. I put a lot of time and effortRead MoreA Research On Neonatal Nurse Practitioners1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction: Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NNP) refers to and cares for newborns in their first 28 days of life. Neonatal nurse practitioners practice advanced skills in order to provide care for healthy newborns, as well as newborns who need individualized attention. These nurses care for premature and sick newborns in many different settings: neonatal intensive care units (NICU), emergency rooms, delivery rooms, or specialty clinics(Nurse). NNPÃ¢â¬â¢s level of care enables them to preform multipleRead MoreNursing Is A Career With A Very Wide Range Of Specialties1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNursing is a career with a very wide range of specialties to choose from. Nurses specialize in jobs that vary from working with children, elders, patients that are struggling through terminal diseases, and so on. Nurses are a medical professional a step or two below actual doctors. Though they do most of the same procedures and tasks that doctors do, they are not as qualified and skilled as licensed doctors. Nurses usually help the doctors, they are along the side of the doctor most of the time toRead MoreThe Career As A Professional Registered Nurse941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessuccess as a professional Registered Nurse (RN) requires hard work, compassion and empathy. It is important to realize the journey is challenging, but is fulfilling. The registered nurse profession was established in the 1800s. For over two hundred years a registered nurse has helped those in need. The responsibilities of nurses is to educate their patients on many types of diseases as well as provide guidance to patients and their loved ones. It is important for nurses to express compassion, emotionalRead MoreNeonatal Nursing1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNeonatal nurses spend their career working with babies, those that are healthy and those that are not. Working with newborns is guaranteed to have its challenges, especially for those particular nurses who choose to work in the neonatal intensive care unit. The neona tal intensive care unit, or NICU, is where the infants suffering from potentially fatal diseases/disorders are held. NICU nurses struggle with life and death situations each and everyday, which is sure to be accompanied by specific emotionsRead MoreNeonatal Nurse Practitioner1617 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNeonatal Nurse Practitioner A baby was just born at 26 weeks gestation. Just over half the normal 40 weeks a baby should stay inside the mother. The baby is immediately whisked away and taken to be evaluated and prepared for a long journey ahead. Ever since I could remember babies and the nursery at the hospital have fascinated me. Whenever we would go visit a friend who had a baby, I would find myself peaking over the windows into the nursery. I have known for a while that working in theRead MoreBeing A Registered Nurse As A Nurse1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI decided to major in Nursing because I knew I always wanted a career in the health field, but I do not want to go to medical school. At least right now I do not want to, but that may change in the future. Nursing interests me because I would have options about what kind of nurse I want to be, who I want to work with and the setting I would like to work in. There are a lot of topics that interest me as a nursing major. IÃ¢â¬â¢m mostly interested in the hands on experience and actually doing the clinicalRead MoreDefinition And Philosophy Of Nursing882 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfield. Years ago, nurses were discriminated by people because they provided care for ill individuals, which was against social law. The term nursing has been generalized to helping others who are sick. However, nursing is more than an oversimplified definition. This paper will examine the role of nurse: interview of a nurse, nursing theorist, and my personalized definition and philosophy of nursing. Nurse Interview I had the wonderful opportunity to interview a registered nurse (RN). S.A has recentlyRead MoreCareer Overview : Early Stages Of My Life Essay1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNovember 2016 Career Overview In the early stages of my life I wanted to become everything when I was older. It started at wanted to be a teacher, police officer and then a firefighter I was young and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what I wanted to be. Because I liked all these occupations I concluded that I just wanted a job that involved me helping others. As I grew older and based on my experiences I know that I want to be in the nursing field. I come to believe that I want to become a Nurse Practitioner
In order to make a fully justified decision on whether human cloning is ethical or not, one must be exposed to the background of the subject. To start, a clone is an exact replica of an organism, cell, or gene. The process itself is done asexually with the use of a cell from the original human. We will write a custom essay sample on Philosophy: The Ethics of Human Cloning or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is then placed inside a female capable of bearing a child and is then born as a clone. Along with this comes questions of whether or not it is right to clone a human being based on different facts and opinions of small groups or communities(Dudley 11). The technology of cloning is not quite developed enough for a doctor to be certain that an experiment will be successful. In Scotland, the first sheep was cloned and was named Dolly. It took over 250 tries before they were successful in creating the clone. When news of this reached America, immediately polls showed that ninety percent of Americans were against the idea of cloning humans. Those who support cloning research replied by saying the public based their opinions on fallacies of the news media and, therefore, could not comprehend the whole picture(Farnsworth). Those in favor of cloning might say it can push forward medical research. For example, with cloning technology it may be possible to learn how to replace old cells with new ones. This could lead to a longer life for each individual. Also, with enough research scientists could create clones to act as donors. Some scientists say that human cloning may eventually reverse heart attacks. This accomplishment would take place by injecting healthy heart cells into damaged heart tissue. In addition, cloning could help improve family life. For example, if a couple lost a hild they loved dearly and could not reproduce naturally, cloning that child could be an alternative. In this way, the parents would have the chance to love the clone just as much as the original child. On the other hand, those against cloning would say that it is wrong for a doctor to harm a clone. If this were allowed, eventually we would compromise the individual. Clones would become second-class citizens. Cloning strips humanity from natural reproduction by leaving a clone with only one parent. In addition, there would be a decline in genetic diversity. In ther words, if some day we all have the same genetic makeup and lose the technology of cloning, we would have to resort back to natural reproduction. This would cause problems because it has the same effect as inbreeding. In the same way, clones would feel like they had lost their individuality. For example, their genetic makeup would be known. Also, there could be negative psychological effects that will impact the family and society. For instance, if a clone finds out that s/he has no biological father it may suppress the cloneÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling of equality among other naturally born people. Also, there is a chance that the mother or the clone may become sterile. Among all of these there are too many risks for the bearing mothers and embryos. Eventually, it would turn into a routine to destroy human embryos in the process of cloning(Ã¢â¬ The Ethics of CloningÃ¢â¬ ). According to Latter-Day Saints, cloning does not respect the fact that humans have souls and it robs clones of their humanity. God intended the power to create humans to be practiced between a man and a woman in the boundaries of marriage. Do otherwise is taking the work of God into your own hands. This means that humans lack the authority to make ecisions about creating or destroying a life. In addition, humans do not have enough knowledge or power to control outcomes of certain events (Dudley 56). However, others believe religion has no place in the debate. They argue, interpreters of the Bible can not agree on what actions God would allow to be done with justified means. In addition, the Koran or the Bible have limits to their validity because they do not address specific issues that need to be answered(Dudley 66). After analyzing the situation, Aristotle would say that human cloning is unethical because bad means are used. For instance, it took scientists 277 tries to create the first cloned sheep. This means that there were hundreds of deformities before the successful specimen was created. In the same way, deformities of humans would be a result of experimentation, which would decrease the quality of life for those specific clones. And, even if we found a cure for a disease, letÃ¢â¬â¢s say cancer, it would be reaching a good end through bad means. On the other hand, Kant would say that human cloning is ethical in that the number of people who benefit from it outweighs the number of people who suffer from it. For example, cloning could be a way to help expand the length of human life, but it would cost the lives of clones who were failures in the experiment. In this way, Kant would agree that bettering all of humanity in exchange for a small group of less fortunate people is justified. Somewhat closer to agreeing with Aristotle than Kant, Sartre would say the act of cloning a human being is an act of free will. Therefore, if an individual decided to go forward in this act, they would be correct because each situation is unique. According to Sartre, owever, the individual is involved in this action is, in fact, responsible and would receive the consequences that come about in the particular act. Therefore, Sartre would come to a consensus that it is ethical to clone humans, but the consequences of doing so are upon those who are apart of the act. After taking into account many of the alternatives and situations of cloning, I would not support human cloning. The effects from all of the harms that are unknown outweigh all of the good that can come from the research of cloning. In addition, I agree with Aristotle that ou must not use bad means to reach a good end. Therefore, seeing that cloning human is both degrading to the clone and to humanity, I believe that cloning involves too much unknown information that we would need in order to even consider it. However, if scientists had enough information to be able to clone a human without a shadow of a doubt, then it might be more ethical to clone. But, the social glitch would still be present; clones would be seen as inferior to naturally reproduced humans. Therefore, I do not support the legalization of cloning or any practices thereof. My solution bends more towards the objective part of the spectrum. I think that if humans could be cloned without the risk of death or intentional killing of clones for organ transplants it would be more acceptable to practice it. But, the cloneÃ¢â¬â¢s social status could not change as easily as the latter. Universally, therefore, cloning should be banned in order to preserve the natural functions which we were made to perform as human beings. A general rule for cloning humans is Ã¢â¬Å"do not clone unless there are no negative consequences as a result of performing the act. Ã¢â¬ How to cite Philosophy: The Ethics of Human Cloning, Essay examples
Human Cloning Argumentative Essay Imagine it is the year 2008. As you pick up yourdaily issue of the New York Times, you begin toread some of the interesting articles on the frontpage. The top story of the paper reads, GermanyWins All Gold Medals at the Olympic Games: IsCloning in Competitive Events Fair? Otherinteresting articles reported on the front pageinclude: Rock Star Stacy Levesque and LoversNuclear Transplanted Child is Born and FormerPresident George Bushs Cloned Heart TransplantA Success. These articles are examples of howmuch of an influence cloning can be in the future. Although these articles would have seemedscience fiction several years ago, the idea ofcloning became a reality in 1997. On February 27,1997, it was reported that scientist produced thefirst clone of an adult sheep, attracting internationalattention and raising questions of whether cloningshould take place. Within days, the public calledfor ethics inquires and new laws to ban cloning. The potential effects of cloning are unimaginable. What would life be like with women who are ableto give birth to themselves, cloned humans whoare used for spare parts, and genetically superiorcloned humans? Based on the positive advancesof cloning versus the negative effects, one mustask his/herself whether cloning humans should bebanned entirely. According to the American Heritage CollegeDictionary, cloning is to reproduce or propagateasexually. This definition means that cloningenables the creation of offspring without anysexual action or sexual contact. There are severalmethods for cloning: separating the embryo andmaking twins with the same genetic make-up,taking a cell from a fertilized ovum when the cellbegins to split and replace it in another femalesovum, or nuclear transplantation. In the 10 March1998 issue of Time, J. Madeleine Nash explainsone example of how a clone of an adult ewe isborn from nuclear transplantation. First, a cell istaken from the udder of an adult ewe and placedin a culture with very low concentrations ofnutrients. As the cells starve, they stop dividingand switch off their active genes, and go intohibernation. An unfertilized egg is then taken fromanother adult ewe and the eggs nucleus, alongwith its DNA, is sucked out, leaving an empty eggcell that still has the cellular machinery to producean e mbryo. The empty egg and the culture ofstarved cells are then placed next to each other. Then an electronic pulse causes the egg and thecells to fuse together and a second burst is givento jump-start the cell division. Six days later, theembryo is implanted in the uterus of another ewe. The result of this process will be the birth of ababy sheep, having identical genes as the firstsheep from which the cells were extracted fromthe udder. Although scientist understand howcloning is possible and what the cloning methodsare, exactly how the adult DNA changes onceinside the egg still remains a question. Whichevermethod is used to create a clone, the outcomeremains the same cloning is duplicating an exactcopy of another life form. The term cloning was first introduced in 1903 byHerbert John Webber as a new horticultural termand was first applied to manmade populations ofcultivated plants. In the early 1980s, scientistsdeveloped a procedure called nuclear transfer thatenabled scientists to replace the DNA-containingnucleus of an egg cell with a nucleus from anothercell. At Allegheny University of the HealthSciences, scientists raised a crop of tadpoles fromthe red blood cells of adult frogs; however, thisexperiment failed when the tadpoles died halfwaythrough metamorphosi s. Last year in the 27February issue of Nature, Mr. Wilmut and hiscolleagues at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh,Scotland successfully created a clone of an adultewe and named her Dolly. Dolly was born bytaking genetic material from cells in the mammaryglands of a 6 year-old ewe and putting theacquired cells into an unfertilized ovum. Out of277 tries, researchers eventually produced only 29embryos that survived longer than 6 days, of these29, all died before birth except Dolly. Since Dollywas born, scientists have made additionaladvances in cloning, and now harbor the conceptof cloning humans. Voltaire Candide EssayKontorovich pointed this out in his NationalReview article by stating, It is necessary forspecies to respond to environmental changes sothat the human species can evolve. Althoughscientist would be able to create geneticallysuperior humans at the moment, in the long runhumans may become less diverse and unable toadapt to changing climates or other changes intheir environment. Also, many supporters of theban on cloning are worried that cloning couldreplace the average human with geneticallysuperior clones, thus making the human raceobsolete. If Adolf Hitler would have had todayscloning technology he might have been able toclone an army of genetically superior clones andhave taken over the world. Today, if a scientist,who is capable of cloning humans, joins terroristorganizations and clones a massive army ofmilitary Generals, these organizations couldsucceed where Hitler failed. To begin my research to answer my thesis, Ivisited the United States Military AcademyLibrary and looked through reference books toget facts about human cloning and its possibleeffects of society. My next step was to lookthrough scientific magazines to find publishedarticles concerning cloning. These articlesprovided much information about cloning and theprocess of cloning. To find as much information asI could, I searched through articles on the libraryscatalog online, through scientific magazines, andeven though magazines on microfilm. When I feltthat I understood the facts concerning cloning, Ibegan to look through general magazines, articleson the Internet, and Internet web pages. Thesearticles provided mostly opinions of thecontroversial issue of cloning and I was able tounderstand how different people viewed the issueof cloning and why they felt the way they did. After I gathered all of my information fromphotocopying articles and taking notes, Iorganized my information to match my outline andbegan writing my research paper. Cloning has become a very important issue that isaffecting our world. What would the world be likewith a superior race, such as the hypotheticalGerman Olympic teams of 2008 or with armies ofcloned humans conquering every continent onEarth? Even if cloning is limited to medicalresearch, there will always be scientists who willfind ways to use cloning to their own personalbenefit. Consequently, even if cloning is limited tomedical research, there is still the risk of cloninghumans. We simply cannot play God and createlife because it is morally wrong and sinful, andmost importantly, dangerous. The only answer tothe cloning issue is to sacrifice the medical andbiological gains of cloning and put an absolute banon all cloning. SourcesHansen, Kristin. Bauer Says Human Cloning Should BeBanned. Family Research Council, 29 January1998, accessed 4 November 1998. Available from http://www.frc.org/press/012998c.htmlKarnad, Anand, Sergio Salazar, and Nikhil Patel. Cloning to Produce Recombinant DNA. In MagillsSurvey of Science, 2nd ed. Magill 505-511. Pasadena:Salem Press, 1991. Kontorovich, E. V. Clone Wars: Asexual Revolution.National Review, 9 March 1998, accessed 4 November 1998. Available from http://www.nationalreview.com/09mar98/kontorovich030998.htmlMasood, Ehsan. Cloning Technique Reveals LegalLoophole. Nature, 27 February 1998, 757. Nash, J. Madeline. The Age of Cloning. Time, 10March 1998, 62-65. Pennisi, Elizabeth and Nigel Williams. Will Dolly Sendin the Cones? Science, 7 March 1997,1415-1416. Stearn, William T. Clone. In The Encyclopedia ofBiological Sciences, 2nd ed. Taylor, Todd. Xenotransplantation. Cloning,November 1997, accessed 6 November 1998. Availablefrom http://sites.unc.edu/daniel/11fall97/finals11/brianne/cloning.htmlTravis, J. Ewe Again? Cloning From Adult DNA.Science News, 1 March 1997, 132. Wilmut, I., A. E. Schnieke, J. McWhir, A.J. Kind, and K. H. S. Campbell. Viable offspring derived fromfetal and adult mammalian cells. Nature, 27 February1998, 810-813.
Thursday, April 30, 2020
One is parental, like that of the animals; the other is postnatal and only man has this. The prolonged infancy of man separates him entirely from the animals, and this is the meaning we must give to itÃ¢â¬ Dr. Maria Montessori Basic Ideas of MontessoriÃ¢â¬â¢s Educational Theory Comment on the above quote. Using this quote, explain the way in which Montessori philosophy aids the child formation of his personality. When Wolff announced his discoveries on the segmentation of the germ cell, he threw new light on the process of creation of living creatures, and at the same time made it possible to verify, by direct observation, the existence of the inner forces working in accordance with the pre-determined pattern. But when after the discovery of microscope, he found out that the first stage is a simple germ cell ,which results from the union of two cells, male and female, consist simply of membrane ,protoplasm ,and nucleus. The germ cell however possesses a most singular property of subdivision and subdivision on a pre-established pattern. But if we look at the development of the animal embryo, we see that the cell first split into two ,these two into four and so on ,and so by continuous multiplication,introflexion and differentiation ,it develops into a complicated whole of organs and tissues. The germ cell therefore simple ,transparent and devoid of any material design ,works and builds in exact obedience to the immaterial order it bears within itself-like a faithful servant who knows by heart the mission he has received and who fulfills it ,though carrying on his person no document that could reveal the secret order he has been given . These tiny cells contain the blueprint of the child, which are inherited by the ancestors, so every new born baby bears a pattern of physical instincts of the functions that will set its relation to the environment. Yet during the development of the embryo measures need to be taken to determine that the embryo reaches its potential. Although the fetus is well protected in the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s womb still it becomes vulnerable if the environment provided is not safe. The environment of the embryo is determined by the quality of the others diet, her lifestyle such as smoking, drug addiction or alcoholic for instance if the mother is using alcohol during pregnancy the chances are that it may cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and children born with FAS may: Ã¢â¬ ¢Grow more slowly Ã¢â¬ ¢Have learning problems Ã¢â¬ ¢Have abnormal facial features whether the mother has been exposed to harmful substances as Radium. For instance the Atomic bomb invasion on Hiroshima Nagasaki during the World War II created deformities, cancer, and leukemia in the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s womb. Embryology, thus became the most fascinated science as it as it does not study the organs of the developed being but it has its end and aim to uncover the creative process, the way in which the body ,which doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist comes to shape itself for the entry in the world. Julian Huxley sums up the miracle of the embryo Ã¢â¬Å"The passage from nothing to the complex body of the fully grown individual is one of the constant miracles of life . If we are not struck by the greatness of this miracles, it can only be for one reason ,that it occurs so often under our eyes in the experience of the everyday life. (The Absorbent Mind,2010,pg. 46) Montessori often compared the process of psychological and spiritual development to the physical unfolding of the human organism. Just as the material body first takes shape as a self-forming embryo, requiring during its formation the protection and nurturance of the womb that envelopes it, the human soul first appears in the newborn child in an embryonic form that requires Nourishment from a psychic wombÃ¢â¬âthe protective environment of loving, caring parents and a spiritually responsive education. MontessoriÃ¢â¬â¢s distinctive notion of the child as a Ã¢â¬Å"spiritual embryoÃ¢â¬ Emphasized her key principle that the growing human being is not simply a biological or Psychological entity, but a spiritual energy seeking expression in the form of a human body within the physical and cultural world. She compared the mysterious emergence of spiritual life in the child to the Incarnation of God in Christ described in the New Testament, Ã¢â¬Å"when the Word was made flesh and dwelt among usÃ¢â¬ (Montessori, 1972b, p. 9). For Montessori, the Word is made flesh in every child born in the world; each human being has his or her path of incarnation to follow, his or her destiny. The unconscious drive force called Ã¢â¬Å"HormeÃ¢â¬ drives the child to incarnates himself, from the moment heÃ¢â¬â¢s born he uses his senses to understand his environment . To fully engage in his environment the child must have freedom to move Ã¢â¬Å"Only through freedom and environmental experience is it practically possible for human development to occurÃ¢â¬ . Montessori, like Emerson, referred to the Ã¢â¬Å"secretÃ¢â¬ within the soul of every childÃ¢â¬âthe personal spiritual imperative that transcends whatever social prejudices, Ideologies, and mundane educational curricula that adults seek to overlay onto the childÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. Reflecting on the unusually lengthy period of physical dependence that human infants (compared to other species for instance animals have instincts as a pup of the dog knows that he has to use his four limbs to walk and nose to smell ) experience, It is the ability to manipulate the environment to increase thought and analysis of the world around them that allows humans to progress in a Ã¢â¬Å"superiorÃ¢â¬ manner than other species. Montessori would argue that the intellectual ability for humans to think critically in each stage of development allows for the needs and desires of humans to be more advanced than that of an animal who lives to survive instead of transform society (MM, 1964). Montessori was convinced that early childhood is designed to be a time of intense psychic receptivity. The young child takes in the world through an Ã¢â¬ absorbent mind,Ã¢â¬ literally incarnating (taking into its body mind) the sensations, impressions, and feelings it receives from the surrounding environment.